TEL 2555 ELECTRON DIFFRACTION TUBE (RINGS ENHANCED FOR PHOTO DEMONSTRATION) |
In 1922 de Broglie combined Planck's quantum energy idea with an analysis of the Theory of Relativity and proposed that since waves sometimes act as particles perhaps particles sometimes act as waves with a wavelength of h/mv. Three years later Davisson and Germer and later that same year J. J. Thomson's son provided experimental confirmation that electrons do act as waves.
With the Electron Diffraction Tube one can verify the de Broglie hypothesis and establish the dual nature of the electron. In addition, one can calculate the interatomic spacings of carbon, (the diffracting material in the tube).
The Electron Diffraction Tube emits from an indirectly heated, oxide coated cathode, a narrow converging beam of electrons. The inside surface of the end of the tube has a luminescent screen deposited on it. A micro mesh nickel grid, onto which graphite has been deposited, lies across the exit aperture of the electron “gun” (see figure 1). As the electron beam penetrates this carbon target, the electrons are diffracted into two rings corresponding to separations of the carbon atoms. One can show that the wavelength of an electron l=dsinq. Additionally, from the geometry of the tube (see figure 2), we see that q=D/2L where q»sinq for small angles, D is the diameter of the ring and L is the length from the graphite target to the luminescent screen. Combining the two equations one can show that the diameter of the rings is proportional to (V)^{-1/2}.
A graph like the one in figure 3 is obtained by plotting (V)^{-1/2} vs. ring diameter. From the slope of the graph the interatomic spacings of carbon can be calculated.
THE COMPLETE SYSTEM INCLUDES:
TEL 2501 Universal Stand
TEL 2555 Electron Diffraction Tube
TEL U33010 Power Supply
TEL 2555SYS3 | $ 2,536.00 |
TEL 2555-2 (Tube Only) | $ 1,296.00 |
FIGURE 1 |
FIGURE 3 |
FIGURE 2 |
TEL 555 Demonstration Electron Diffraction Tube
The 555 Demonstration tube is the same tube we have offered for more than 30 years. It is offered primarily for departments that have a pre-existing collection of tubes and bases, and would like a replacement tube. Both the 555 and the 2555 are built to the same high standards and will serve as a valuable educational tool for years to come.
TEL 555 | $ 1,297.00 |